Eduardo Souto Moura, Mealhada, Portugal, 2010
The Sarmento Winery in Mealhada is a Building whose client is the Sarmento House, a company that dates back to 1980 with the creation of a restaurant specializing in the manufacture Bairrada roasted piglets, a decade later led to a chain of restaurants.
In 2005, the Sarmento house begins to commercialize 600 thousand bottles by year. Since then, Sarmento house became the fourth largest wine producer in the region and its wines have won several medals.
Consequently appears the Adega Sarmento construction, who has two underground floors which extend out the hill where they are embedded.
This detail was one of the greatest challenges that the project gave to the designer team, due to the significant weight of the land on the slabs and also the weight of the aging wine equipment in the floor -1 slab.
The Building has a reinforced concrete structure walls set to the architectural typology and ensure a good balance of structure and support to meet the demands which it is exposed. The walls with 35cm thickness are the outer contour, while the interior whose thickness varies between 20 cm and 30 cm are needed for the proper behavior of the building in all directions and supporting the slabs.
As for the foundation are generally spread footing foundation connected to each other and in particular situations, in zones that are approximate was used slab-on-grade foundation. These options optimize: the building behavior in relation to the differential settlements and ensure a good tightness in all the buried contour.