Eduardo Souto Moura, Santa Maria do Bouro, 407, 1994
The Monastery of St. Maria do Bouro Rehabilitation is designed by Eduardo Souto de Moura and converts it into a Pousada de Portugal (Hotel). The monastery rehabilitation project of the predicted that the warping and rotations of the existing cloister walls of the were eliminated, without demolishing (intended by the architect). In summary, it can be said to be necessary to reduce the stiffness of the top and open the joint support of the columns so that they can rotate.
To ensure stability of the cloister walls due to the seismic action it was installed a horizontal metal beam and partially embedded in the ring concrete beam, which will replace partially the top cornice wall.
The “in situ” soil is thick gravel, with low clay content, very dense and with high strength, requiring the use of the pickaxe in the excavation. The settlement of the foundation walls raises no special problems, because in addition to the good soil resistance, there´s no ground water. It was adopted three types of slabs in the pavements: Cement screed on the ground floor, solid slabs and steel-concrete composite slabs. The solid slabs are supported on four sides, are economical solutions and allow for effective wall connection. The coverage is flat, except for two waters area in which is used broken metal profiles, with mobile support on one side and the other fixed for disposal arc pulses.
The calculations of all these structures are basic, for the solid slabs is used the strain softening method, therefore allows a more simple and economical execution, and for calculating the deformations, when necessary, the elastic method is used.